Cumin Seeds

Cumin Seeds

Cumin is the dried white fruit with greyish brown colour of a small slender annual herb. The surface of the fruit has 5 primary ridges, alternatively has 4 less distinct secondary ridges bearing numerous short hairs. The plant is 15 to 50 cm high. The aromatic seed like fruit is elongated, ovoid, 3 to 6 mm long, slightly bitter and has a warm flavour. The flowers are white or rose coloured in small umbels. A native of the of the Mediterranean, Cumin is now grown mainly in India, Egypt, Syria, Turkey, China and parts of America. A speed spice, cumin is grown mainly in hot climatic conditions. India is the largest producer and consumer of Cumin in the world. Indian output is currently estimated to be around 200,000 ton per year. Gujarat and Rajasthan are the major production centers of the spice in the country.

Seasonal nature of the crop and fluctuations in global demand and supply influences the price in the country. In India, Cumin is sown in October-November and harvested in February. Fresh crop generally reaches the market during March.

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